St - Sa
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"The history of the birth of Australia which came out of the suffering and brutality of England's infamous convict transportation system. "
SAVAGE, J. Some account of New Zealand particularly the bay of Islands, and surrounding country; with a description of the religion and government, language, arts, manufactures, manners and customs of the natives & c. London, Edinburgh, J. Murray, A. Constable, 1807
"The dictionary includes hundreds of cross-referenced entries on important persons, places, events, institutions as well as significant political, economic, social and cultural aspects."
It was on 18 June 1822 that Captain Beveridge sailed St Michael into Sydney Harbour with the Wesleyan missionaries Walter, Lawry, and their families. St Michael had arrived at Sydney via Tongatabu, New Zealand, and the Friendly Islands. A month later John Beveridge turned his ship around and sailed back to Tonga, stopping at New Zealand’s Bay of Islands on the way, and once more on the way back in November. It was on St Michael that James Spencer first visited Bluff Harbour in 1823. That same year Captain Beveridge’s ship delivered the Wesleyan missionaries to their ill fated Whangaroa mission station. Towards the end of 1824 St Michael was back at the Bay of Islands, on route for Sydney from a trading voyage to Tonga.
Late in 1824 St Patrick, Captain Florence, arrived at the Bay of Islands from Chile. Looking to trade for spars, St Patrick headed south to the Thames and while there Christian mission Thomas Kendall arrived in his schooner Industry. Captain Florence convinced Kendall to sail with them back to Valparaiso where they were in need of a clergyman. Kendall had by now fallen from grace with the Bay of Islands mission community. Back in the Bay of Islands, Kendall and his family boarded St Patrick and on 3 February 1825 they sailed from New Zealand for ever. St Patrick did make one more visit, in April 1826, this time under Captain Peter Dillon. After three weeks trading for spars Dillon sailed St Parick for India via the Pacific Islands.
The crew of the sealing ship Sally paid a high price for their voyage to the Auckland Islands in 1825. Captain Lovett lost 2 boats and six of his men drowned, John Cole, Edward Stowers, John Simons, Robert Hardy, George Howell, and Rob Richardson. The result of their tragic three months at Auckland Islands was just 200 seal skins. In June 1826 Sally was reported as being at Stewart Island.
The first record of Samuel being in New Zealand waters was when her captain John Dawson, and five members of his crew, were killed by New Zealand Maori at Admiralty Bay. In December 1825 Samuel sailed from the Auckland Islands for Sydney with 2000 seal skins onboard. In 1827 she delivered the crew of Glory back to Sydney having taken them onboard when they arrived in a long boat at the Bay of Islands just as Samuel was departing, after having traveled 800 miles in an open boat. Captain Worth was in command now and his ship had 4500 seal skins in her hold.
By March 1829 Captain Hall was the master of Samuel and when they arrived in Sydney the demise of the seal colonies was evident, with only 840 skins to show for their effort. It was Captain Lawrence who next sailed in Samuel, and his crew feared even worse, returning with only 170 skins. In November, Captain Worth was back in charge of, and Samuel departed Sydney to collect a sealing gang that had been left on the Chatham Islands on the previous voyage. However, when they reached their men their skins had been plundered by the crew of the ship Cyprus. With so few seals left alive, its little surprise that Samuel’s cargo when she arrived in Sydney on 25 May 1830 was 14 tons of flax, and 15 live pigs. Captain Worth made one more trading voyage to New Zealand on Samuel in 1830. In 1831 it was Captain Anglin who was in command when Samuel sailed into Sydney on 29 March with a cargo of seal skins and flax.
Saracen first visted the Bay of Islands in 1820, under Captain Kerr. On May 18 of that year Saracen arrived at Sydney from England and Hobart Town. Two months later she headed out to the sperm whale fishery. Captain Kerr brought her into the Bay of Islands in October. While there, Samuel Marsden took passage on her to Whangaroa Harbour. Saracen left the Bay of Islands for the fishery on October 16, returning four months later. The ship’s next visit was in mid-December 1823 from the fishery, this time under the command of Captain Dunn and she sailed again on 04 January 1824.
The arrival of Sarah to the Bay of Islands in March of 1821 brought welcome relief to the Christian mission station. Sarah’s cargo included goods for the tiny community that often struggled to support itself on Christian values while whalers traded freely with muskets for pork and potatoes. Captain Munro only stayed a short time at the Bay before sailing again for the fishery in April. Captain Munro never made it back to New Zealand, he died while at sea, and when Sarah returned to the Bay of Islands on 28 July that same year, a man by the name of Hunter was at her helm. The following year Sarah returned to New Zealand again, now with a new master, Captain Buckle. She arrived in June from the sperm whale fishery and the Friendly Islands. Buckle brought Sarah back to the Bay of Islands in April 1823. 10 years later a ship by the same name was back in New Zealand waters, this time in the cook straight region in search of flax. Captain Jacks had evidently had some luck, returning to Sydney on 28 April 1833 with 200 tons of the much sought after cargo. Later that year, the brig Sarah was reported to be in a ‘sinking condition’ at Cloudy Bay.